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Almendres Cromlech, Sky View in Evora

  • 900px-Cromeleque_dos_Almendres_Pan

The Cromlech of the Almendres megalithic complex (or Almendres Cromlech), located near Guadalupe, in the civil parish of Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe, municipality of Évora, is the largest existing group of structured menhirs in the Iberian Peninsula, and one of the largest in Europe.

 

This archaeological site consists of several megalithic structures: cromlechs, and menhir stones, the first belonging to the so-called “megalithic universe of Évora”, with clear parallels to other cromlechs, such as in Portela Mogos in the Montemor-o-Novo. almendres

 

The construction of these structures date back to the 6th millennium BC, though they were only rediscovered in 1966 by Henrique Leonor Pina, who was proceeding with field work relating to the country’s geological charts.

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The excavation of the site unearthed a series of both megalithic and neolithicconstruction phases; Almendres I 6000 BC (Early Neolithic), Almendres II 5000 BC (Middle Neolithic), Almendres III 4000 BC (Late Neolithic). The relative chronology of the cromlech and menhirs is extremely complex and covers a period from the Neolithic to Chalcolithic, and it is believed that the monument had a religious/ceremonial purpose, or functioned as a primitive astronomical observatory.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almendres_Cromlech

 

Place Categories: Monument, Things to do and ViewpointPlace Tags: Cromlech and old

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